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A 2003 agreement eased the requirements of the domestic market and allows developing countries to export to other countries where there is a national health problem as long as the exported medicines are not part of a trade or industrial policy. [10] Drugs exported under such a regime may be packaged or coloured differently to prevent them from harming the markets of industrialized countries. Shaffer ER, Brenner JE. Impact of a trade agreement on access to generic medicines: America`s free trade agreement has kept some generic medicines away from Guatemala, although they are available in the United States. Health. 2009;28 (Suppl 1): 957-68. The Agreement on trade aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS) is an international agreement between all member states of the World Trade Organization (WTO). It establishes minimum standards for the regulation of different forms of intellectual property (IP) by national governments, as applied to nationals of other WTO member countries. [3] TRIPS was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) between 1989 and 1990[4] and is managed by the WTO. As in the main existing conventions on intellectual property, the fundamental obligation of each Member State is to accord persons of other Members the treatment provided for in the Agreement in respect of the protection of intellectual property. Article 1.3 defines who these persons are. Such persons shall be designated as nationals, but shall include natural or legal persons having close links with other members, without necessarily being nationals.

The criteria for determining which persons should therefore benefit from the treatment provided for in the Agreement are those defined for that purpose in the main existing WIPO agreements on intellectual property, which naturally apply to all WTO Members, whether or not they are parties to those agreements. These agreements are the Paris Convention, the Berne Convention, the International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Phonogram Manufacturers and Broadcasters (Rome Convention) and the Intellectual Property Contract for Integrated Circuits (IPIC). The TRIPS Agreement introduced intellectual property rights into the multilateral trading system for the first time and remains the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property to date. In 2001, developing countries, concerned about the industrialized countries` insistence on an overly narrow interpretation of TRIPS, launched a round table that resulted in the Doha Declaration. The Doha Declaration is a WTO declaration that clarifies the scope of TRIPS and, for example, states that TRIPS can and should be interpreted with the aim of “promoting access to medicines for all”. Articles 3, 4 and 5 lay down the basic rules for national treatment and the most favoured treatment of aliens common to all categories of intellectual property covered by the Agreement. . . .

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Healing the Inner Goddess is an all inclusive retreat that offers a unique opportunity for women to move beyond healing from trauma. Many women who have experienced trauma spend their entire lives burdened by symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Their personal relationships suffer and they have diminished capacity for happiness. Many women self-medicate and end up with alcohol and/or chemical dependency issues. Residential and out-patient substance abuse treatment programs, 12-step groups and psychotherapy offer support and structure in which sobriety may be obtained. Many women are able to reach this important milestone, yet continue to feel burdened by past trauma, which may make maintaining their clean and sober for life. Healing the Inner Goddess Retreat is a wonderful opportunity for the woman who has obtained a state of sobriety and is ready for Recovery Treatment Aftercare. This inner healing retreat, led by Laurie Monroe, who is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, provides a rare opportunity to LET GO OF THE TRAUMA and RECLAIM OUR POWER!

Healing the Inner Goddess is a Clean and Sober Retreat. All women with a history of trauma and a desire for healing are invited to sign up for the Healing the Inner Goddess Retreat. Women for whom alcohol and/or chemical dependency has been an issue in the past year may be required to submit evidence of graduation from a licensed treatment program. Contact Laurie Monroe MSW, LCSW at Laurie@healingtheinnergoddess.com for further information or sign up at healingtheinnergoddess.com.

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